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Is and Was.

Be verbs in Marathi

learn marathi at mindurmarathi

Be verbs show “action” or “state of a being”.

” I am a doctor.My job is to look for tumors in my patients’ stomachs’. My patients are all very nice. They are very supporting. They allow me to write this website while doing surgeries. Once, I was performing a surgery to save my patient’s life. He told me to go out and bring his family members inside. I brought them . They all were very angry when they saw I was not doing any surgery. Because I was writing this text.I showed them that all red words in this text are  “Be” Verbs.”

Be verbs are very boring and English language is full of them. Is, are, am, was, were, aren’t, ain’t, wasn’t, weren’t …………

In present  tense  we use : am/is/are

and in past tense we use : was/were

Marathi  equivalent of  am/is/are  is   “आहे” . It looks very similar to  ” है” in Hindi.

and

The Marathi equivalent of was -were  is   होता / होती.

होता is used when you are describing a Masculine object and “होती” while describing a feminine object. This has 1:1 correspondence with   था / थी   of Hindi.

Now please read the following examples.

 

Tense
Marathi
Transliteration
English
Present

आज सोमवार आहे.

aaj somvaar ahe. Today is Monday.
Past

काल सोमवार होता.

kaal somvaar hota. Yesterday was Monday.
Present

आज सुट्टी आहे.

aaj sutti aahe Today is a holiday.
Past

काल सुट्टी होती.

kaal sutti hoti Yesterday was a holiday.
Present

हा माझा पेन आहे.

ha maazaa pen aahe. This is my pen.
Past

हा माझा पेन होता.

haa maaza pen hotaa. This was my pen.
Present

ही लालूची पत्नी आहे.

hee lalooche patnee ahe. This is Lalu’s wife.
Past

ही लालूची पत्नी होती.

hee laluchi patnee hoti. This was Lalu’s wife.

Quiz on " Be" verbs in Marathi

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32 comments on “Is and Was.
  1. Amitabha Roy says:

    Quiz Ques 2: Which one is correct for Male “मी डॉक्टर होता” or “मी डॉक्टर होतो” ?

    • Akshay says:

      मी डॉक्टर होतो.

      • Anonymous says:

        “होतो” is not explained in this lesson but “होता”, so what is the rule for using “होतो” instead of “होता”? Is it for 1st person singular number only?

        • Akshay says:

          1st person मी होतो.(singular) आम्ही होतो.(plural)
          2nd person तू होतास.(singular) तुम्ही होतात.(plural)
          3rd person तो होता (singular)
          ती होती(singular) ते होते.(plural)
          ते होते (singular)

          • Amitabha Roy says:

            मी डॉक्टर होतो
            आम्ही डॉक्टर होतो
            तू डॉक्टर होतास
            तुम्ही डॉक्टर होतात
            तो डॉक्टर होता
            ती डॉक्टर होती
            ते डॉक्टर होते
            ते डॉक्टर होते

            Hence all these are correct, right?

          • Akshay says:

            Yes. Very good.

  2. Amitabha Roy says:

    From dictionary I’ve found that: were = होते
    So is it not used in speaking?

  3. preeti says:

    me preeti ahe, manjhaa desh Bharat ahe.

  4. mohan says:

    I am Preeti, my country is Bharat

  5. Leon says:

    A clarification in the post by Amitabh Roy:
    मी डॉक्टर होतो
    आम्ही डॉक्टर होतो
    तू डॉक्टर होतास
    तुम्ही डॉक्टर होतात
    तो डॉक्टर होता
    ती डॉक्टर होती
    ते डॉक्टर होते
    ते डॉक्टर होते

    The last two sentences:
    ते डॉक्टर होते
    ते डॉक्टर होते

    Here ते is used for Neuter right? So can डॉक्टर be Neuter?

  6. suraj says:

    whats the difference between ‘hoto’ and ‘aahe’…..does hoto mean ‘hun’ in hindi and ‘aahe’ mean ‘hai’ ???? is ‘me doctor aahe’ correct ??

  7. Kumar says:

    can you please help me out with these words: असून, असली/असले, असलेले .
    i feel these are also ‘be verbs’. please give its meaning or uses with examples.

  8. Kumar says:

    esp. in these sentences:
    १. पानाचा रंग हिरवा “असून” ती खूप छान असतात
    २. ती कार्यात “असली” तरी…
    ३. …..नामस्मरण चालेले “असले” पाहिजे.
    ४. माझ्या प्राध्यापक “असलेले” वडील .
    please help.

    • Akshay says:

      “asane” is used when you are talking about facts or universal truths.

      e.g. (suryaa aakaashat asto) means Sun is in the sky.

      (to nehmi kaam karat aasto) = He always works.

      Hope it is somewhat clear. Please feel free to ask again .

  9. Parichay says:

    Hey Akshay, 1st of all vry good job buddy, i hv a fascination for languages nd i luv ur work here, i surely cn learn a 3rd language besides eng nd hindi.
    nw a query… “hee lalooche patnee ahe” and “ti lalooche patnee ahe” is both correct?
    wen dese two r used in terms of correct usage?

    • Akshay says:

      Hi Parichay

      Both the sentences are correct.
      Use of hee/tee depends on the distance between you and the person you are referring.
      hee laloochi patni aahe = this is lalo’wife
      tee laloochi patni aahe=that is lalo’s wife.
      though both sentences mean she is lalo’s wife.

      Hope I cleared your doubt.

      Regards
      Akshay

  10. Tarit Das says:

    ‘आप और तुम’ सर्वनाम को मराठी में किस तरह प्रयोग किया जाता है ? कुछ उदाहरण दीजिये।

  11. Tarit Das says:

    ‘तू’, ‘तुम’ और ‘आप’ का मराठी अनुबाद के बारे में मेरी धारणा कुछ धूमिल है। कृपया जरा स्पष्टीकरण कीजिये।

    तू और तुम दोनों शब्द ही हिन्दी में एकवचन के रूप में इस्तेमाल होते हैं। रिश्तों के गहनता के उपर इनके प्रयोग होते हैं। क्या मराठी में इन दोनों शब्दों के कोई प्रतिशब्द नहीं है ? आप हिन्दी में एकवचनीय सम्मानसूचक शब्द है, लेकिन इस पाठ में इसे मराठी में केवल बहुवचनीय शब्द के रूप में ही बताया गया है। क्या मराठी में सम्मानपूर्वक आप का प्रयोग नहीं होता है ?

    • Akshay says:

      Hi Tarit,

      Your doubt is obvious but you should not compare two languages. You may not find replacement of each word.
      In Marathi,
      tu can be used in informal cases
      tumhee or aapan can be used in formal cases.

      tumhee or aapan are the honorific pronouns the way aap is in Hindi

  12. Tarit Das says:

    स्पष्टीकरण के लिये धन्यबाद। एक और सवाल है। क्या तुम्ही और आपण समानार्थक सर्वनाम है ?

  13. Tarit Das says:

    एक मराठी वाक्य इस प्रकार है ‘प्रत्येक पाऊल प्रगतिकडे’ | मुझे लगता है इसका हिन्दी अनुबाद होगा ‘हर पल प्रगति की ओर’ | क्या यह सटीक है ?

  14. Tarit Das says:

    धन्यबाद। तो सटीक हिन्दी अनुबाद इस प्रकार होगा ‘हर कदम प्रगति की ओर’ |

  15. Vinee says:

    Hi
    Wanted to explain the usage of “haa”,”hee”, and “hey” to my daughter.
    So are these correct?
    Haa Aamba आहे
    Haa John आहे
    Hee Neha आहे
    Hey vaangi आहे
    Hey bhindi आहे

    And how do I say “This is a lotus”?

    Is it Hee Kamal aahe or Hey Kamal aahe

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