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Cases in Marathi

In grammar, case relates noun or pronoun to the verb present in a sentence. In order to do that, noun or pronoun is distorted/inflected to match with the action of the verb.

for example

  1. राम मारतो. (Ram kills)
  2. रामाने मारले. (Ram killed)
  3. रामाने रावणाला मारले. (Ram killed Ravana)
  4. रामाने रावणाला बाणाने मारले.(Ram killed Ravana by an arrow)

The highlighted letters are called case endings that show how subject or object is altered to relate itself to the action. Indian languages including Hindi have ways of altering subjects or objects to mark roles which are not there in English. If you are a Hindi speaker, knowingly or unknowingly you are using it. Marathi case endings and Hindi case endings look very similar.

There are 8 cases in Marathi.

Sr.No. Case

Endings/Suffix

Marathi English Related Lessons
Singular Plural
1 Nominative गब्बर Gabbar
2 Accusative ला ना सांभा-ला To Sambha [Lesson]
3 Instrumental ने नी कालिया-ने By Kaliya [Lesson]
4 Dative ला ना जेलर-ला for/to Jailor [Lesson]
5 Ablative हून/उन हून/उन जय-हून from Jay [Lesson]
6 Possessive चा/ची/चे चा/ची/चे वीरू-चे Of Veeru [Lesson]
7 Locative आत/मध्ये/वर आत/मध्ये/वर रामगढ-मध्ये In Ramgarh [Lesson]
8 Vocative अरे/अगा अहो अरे ठाकूर Oh Thakur [Lesson]


 

13 comments on “Cases in Marathi
  1. Egle says:

    OMG, looks complicated!

  2. shavez says:

    great great great. feels like just solved a problem based on special relativity. marathi never felt this easy and interesting. Hats off to ‘mind ur marathi and team’.

  3. rozy says:

    where do we use the words asaa and asa[with a dot on the word ‘sa’]?what is the difference between them?

  4. rozy says:

    i have found some words like this-
    त्यांचं,माझं,इथं,etc.
    what the difference between त्यांचं[tyancha],and,त्यांचा[tyanchaa]
    in which conditions do we use the word त्यांचं
    the below given sentence also consists of such words.
    ऋषीचं–कूळ– नदीचं–मूळ–शोधू–नये
    please explain me where to use such words and in which condition.

    • Akshay says:

      There is no difference between त्याचे and त्याचं .It is just a way of speaking.
      ऋषीचं–कूळ– नदीचं–मूळ–शोधू–नये is same as ऋषीचे–कूळ– नदीचे–मूळ–शोधू–नये

    • sagar says:

      त्यांचं[tyancha] or त्यांचे (tyanche),त्यांचा[tyanchaa] and त्यांची (tyanchi) all refers to “THEIR” in English. The difference between them depends on what follows after “THEIR”.
      If the object following after “THEIR” is neither male nor female (neuter) then we use त्यांचं[tyancha] or त्यांचे (tyanche).
      If the object following after “THEIR” is male then we use त्यांचा[tyanchaa].
      If the object following after “THEIR” is female then we use त्यांची (tyanchi).

      त्यांच झाड or त्यांचे झाड means Their tree (neuter)
      त्यांचा मुलगा means their son (male)
      त्यांची शाळा means their school (although school is neuter in English it is female in Marathi)
      त्यांची मुलगी means their daughter (female)

      As Mr. Akshay correctly explained the difference between

  5. ROZY says:

    THANKYOU SO MUCH FOR THE HELP.THIS IS A WONDERFUL SITE,FROM WHICH I HAVE LEARNT MOST OF MY MARATHI.

  6. rozy says:

    so,can we use both the words for writing in the books?

  7. rozy says:

    which of the sentences is right and why?
    त्याला समास म्हणतात
    त्यास समास म्हणतात

  8. sagar says:

    Hi,

    Kindly tell me the difference between accusative and dative cases. They both looked same to me.
    na and la.

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